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What to do?

I was visiting with a musical theatre alumnus a few months ago, one who is now working in the industry as an agent’s assistant.  He is seeing the musical theatre world from a wholly different angle.

I asked him what he knows now that he wishes he would have known three years ago.

His response:

  • Do a student film.  You will need to have a reel, and you need experience acting in front of the camera.
  • Engage in other creative activities.  Write.  Read novels.  Do improv.  Take an art class.  All of this will feed your own creativity on stage.
  • Leave college with a video reel.  You need quality excerpts of your on-stage work in college.  Beg your department for a two different two-minute clips of your best work on stage.

I would add to this:

  • See everything you can.  Even community theatre can be instructive.
  • Learn from the negative example.  We can learn what not to do just as readily as we can learn what to do.
  • Do experimental and devised theatre.
  • Learn a song — and learn it well — in at least one foreign language.
  • Take music theory courses seriously.  Anyone who sings needs to comprehend and be able to apply the symbolic language of music.

And read and do this:


Ways to practice

How do we hone our own skills without guidance from an outside voice?  Dramatics magazine ran a great article about this topic in Fall 2015.  While the specifics are pointed toward actors, the sentiment is true for singers and opera performers and singing actors of all kinds.

Here’s the article.  It’s a short, worthwhile read: on-your-own


Here’s a link to an MRI of an opera singer at work.  Look at how much the tongue, the velum, and the larynx move!

Three things

Three things every auditioning actor should know:

This goes for singers too!!

How to breathe

I spend a great deal of time with new students (and honestly, with returning students too) teaching basic ideas about easy, full inhalation and then the appropriate use of that air.

Students often come to the studio so scarred by a) previous teaching that never talked about breath and/or b) choral experiences where the conductor unintentionally signaled high, short breaths.

As part of the retraining, and as a resource, I’m providing this visual reminder:

This German film from 1936 shows the beating heart, the movement of the ribcage, and the action of the diaphragm.

Starting around 1:35, you can really see the diaphragm engaging, causing the vacuum that pulls air into the ribcage.  This is coupled with simultaneous external muscle action on the outside of the ribcage, lifting the ribs up.  Notice the incredible amount of expansion, and then just how active the diaphragm is on the rapid exhalation too (signaled by the deflation of the lungs).  The diaphragm is the dark mass at the bottom on the x-ray.

A side view (starting around the 3′ mark) is instructive, but not in a good way.  The sternum is low, and the rib cage is tilting significantly as the subject engages the breath cycle.  This is not good!  For singing, we need a lifted and stable sternum, allowing maximum air flow and energy.

A 3-D rendering and explanation is quite clear:

Of course, none of this information is discussing what singers need to do well, which is the technique of appoggio.


And for fun, this article on

A long video about appoggio will require some patience, but it’s worth the watch:

David Dimuzio also discusses breathing in his breathless video:

He’s right!  You cannot sing from the diaphragm.  Of course, he has the whole thing backward — the diaphragm does not go down because the lungs are filling, but instead causes the inhalation.  This video includes a great deal of half-info, but he is right in talking about the tension between diaphragmatic relaxation and the abdominal wall engagement, which is the eternal struggle of appoggio.  (Please do not imitate his tonal production, at least in my studio, unless you are thinking more rock-music kind of thoughts!)